Specialty Definition
Adolescent Medicine Specialist in the period of growth between childhood and maturity that deals with physical and emotional changes in the patient.
 
Allergy and Immunology Diagnose disorders of the immune system and adverse reactions to drugs, foods and insect stings.
 
Anesthesiology A branch of medicine dealing with anesthesia and anesthetics.
 
Bariatric Surgery Surgeon performing a procedure on the stomach and/or intestines to help the patient with extreme obesity lose weight.
 
Breast Surgery Specialty perfoming surgical procedures of the breast.
 
Cardiology Focuses on the functions/activities and pathology of the heart.
 
Cardiothoracic Surgery Perform cardiovascular procedures and surgery on the major arteries, the lungs esophagus and blood vessels.
 
Certified Nurse Midwife Treating pregnancy, labor, delivery/recovery from birth (OB/GYN alternative) usually under the care of an OB/GYN in an emergency.
 
Child Development Treats typical and atypical child development from birth through adolescence using methods and techniques to evaluate developmental skills and abilities of the child.
 
Chiropractic Medicine Physician dealing with the musculoskeletal system of the body, especially the spine, through manipulative treatment.
 
Clinical Neurophysiology Speciality that studies the central and peripheral nervous systems through the recording of bioelectrical activity.
 
Colorectal Surgery A surgeon specializing in disorders of the colon (large intestine) or the rectal area.
 
Critical Care Medicine Providing constant, close monitoring of a seriously ill patient (including post surgical care) that enables immediate treatment in a controlled environment such as an intensive care unit.
 
Critical Care Surgery Physician performing pre/postoperative care crucial to the success of surgery, often in extreme or near terminal conditions.
 
Dental Anesthesiology Anesthesiologist dealing with pain and comfort of a dental patient.
 
Dentistry Evaluate, diagnose and treat diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures.
 
Dermatology Treatment of diseases of the skin.
 
Diagnostic Radiology Specializing in noninvasive radiologic testing to help physicians with diagnosis and treatment of medical problems
 
Electrodiagnostic Medicine Medical subspecialty that applies neurophysiologic techniques to diagnose, evaluate, and treat patients with impairments of the neurologic, neuromuscular, and/or muscular systems.
 
Electrophysiology Physician who performs testing to analyze the electrical activity of the heart.
 
Endocrine Surgery A surgical sub-speciality focusing on surgery of the endocrine glands, including the thyroid gland, the parathyroid glands, the adrenal glands, glands of the endocrine pancreas, and some neuroendocrine glands.
 
Endocrinology Treatment of diseases of the endocrine/glandular system (for example, diabetes).
 
Endodontics Dentist dealing with diseases of the tooth root, dental pulp, and surrounding gum tissue.
 
Family Practice Medical treatment of adults, without an additional residency in Internal Medicine.
 
Gastroenterology Specialty that treats diseases and pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, such as the esophagus, stomach and intestinal tract as well as diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas.
 
General Surgery The surgical treatment related to all systems/organs that are not included in the other surgical specialties.
 
Genetics, Medical Physician experienced in etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of diseases and disorders that are at least partially genetic.
 
Geriatric Medicine The care and treatment of the elderly and the diseases and problems of old age and aging people.
 
Gynecologic Oncology Specialist in the treatment of cancer of the female reproductive system that may include radiation therapy, anti-cancer drugs or surgery.
 
Gynecologic Robotic Surgery Minimally invasive surgery in the area of the gyne (women).
 
Gynecology Medical/surgical treatment of diseases and the routine physical care of the reproductive system of women.
 
Hand Surgery Surgeon specialized in the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical, and rehabilitative means of all structures of the upper extremity directly affecting the form and function of the hand and wrist.
 
Head and Neck Surgery Medical specialty ENT (ear, nose and throat) that focuses on the surgical management of issues of the head and neck
 
Hematology/Oncology An internist who specializes in diseases of the blood, spleen, and lymph glands, and decides on and administers chemotherapy for malignancy, as well as consulting with surgeons and radiotherapists on other treatments for cancer.
 
Hepatology The field of medicine that focuses on diseases of the liver. It is a sub-specialty within gastroenterology.
 
Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery Surgery of the liver, pancreas and biliary system. HPB surgeons help to diagnose and treat patients with conditions such as liver cancer (primary or secondary), pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, bile duct cancer and gallstones
 
Hospice & Palliative Care Specialty seeking to optimize quality of life for those with life-threatening or debilitating chronic illnesses that are deemed terminal.
 
Infectious Diseases Specialist in the treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, protozoas, fungi or viruses, that are capable of being transmitted with or without contact and result in an infection.
 
Infertility Specialist focusing on the inability of a couple to achieve a pregnancy.
 
Internal Medicine A branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treatment of nonsurgical diseases. Will coordinate the medical/surgical care of the patient by referring the patient to the most appropriate specialist when indicated. Will maintain medical findings.
 
Interventional Cardiology Medical specialist intervening for a patient in treatments to the structure, function, and disorders of the heart.
 
Interventional Pulmonology Evaluates and treats pulmonary nodules, diagnosis and staging of lung cancer, treatment of lung cancer and diagnosis and treatment of pleural diseases.
 
Interventional Radiology A radiologist who uses image guidance methods to gain access to vessels and organs for patient treatment.
 
Laparoscopic Surgery Minimally invasive surgery in which a camera and surgical instruments are inserted through a small incision.
 
Maternal-Fetal Medicine Specialized branch of obstetrics dealing with the health of the mother and unborn child during pregnancy.
 
Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Specializing in the care of mother and baby during the late stages of pregnancy and early days after birth.
 
Nephrology Treatment of diseases that affect the kidneys.
 
Neurology Specialist in diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and abnormalities affecting the nervous system.
 
Neurosurgery Surgery of the nervous system, including nerves, the brain or spinal cord.
 
Nurse Practioner A registered nurse who through advanced training is qualified to assume some of the duties and responsibilities formerly assumed only by a physician
 
Nutrition Support Practice recognizing the of the importance of nutrition and diet to health.
 
Obstetrics and Gynecology The OB/GYN profession cares for women who are pregnant, during the prenatal, delivery and postnatal stages of pregnancy. Also treats diseases and provides routine physical care of the female reproductive system.
 
Oncology Surgery Surgeon specializing in procedures for the cancer patient.
 
Ophthalmology Specialist in conditions that affect the eye and vision.
 
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Specialize in correcting disorders of the teeth, jaw and related structures.
 
Orthodontics Dentist specializing in straightening teeth and treating problems related to growth and development of the jaw.
 
Orthopedic Surgery The branch of surgery concerned with the correction or reconstruction of skeletal and spinal deformities.
 
Otolaryngology Treats the ear, nose and throat/larynx in health and disease.
 
Pain Management (See definition for Anesthesiology)
 
Pathology Conduct laboratory studies of tissues and cells that help other physicians reach accurate diagnoses, supervise the testing and examination of blood and other body fluids, and conduct autopsies.
 
Pediatric Allergy & Immunology The medical practice that treats allergies and disease of the immune/autoimmune systems in children.
 
Pediatric Cardiology Specialize in the treatment of conditions that affect the heart and major blood vessels for pediatric patients.
 
Pediatric Critical Care Providing constant, close monitoring of a seriously ill child (including post surgical care) that enables immediate treatment in a controlled environment such as an intensive care unit.
 
Pediatric Endocrinology Specialize in the treatment of conditions involving the glands, thyroid conditions, growth disorders and reproductive problems in children.
 
Pediatric Gastroenterology Specialize in the treatment of conditions involving the gastrointestinal tract, such as the stomach, intestines and liver with children.
 
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Specialize in diseases of the blood, spleen and lymph glands. They treat conditions such as anemia, clotting disorders, sickle cell disease, hemophilia, leukemia and lymphoma. They perform special types of transfusions and biopsy and bone marrow for analy
 
Pediatric Infectious Disease Treatment of diseases in children caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, protozoas, fungi or viruses, that are capable of being transmitted with or without contact and result in an infection.
 
Pediatric Neonatal-Perinatal Physician providing treatment and care of premature and/or high-risk newborn babies.
 
Pediatric Neurological Surgery Specialist in surgery of the child nervous system, including nerves, the brain or spinal cord.
 
Pediatric Neurology Evaluate disorders of the nervous system, such as the brain, spinal cord and nerves in pediatric patients.
 
Pediatric Orthopedics Physician concerned with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal systems in children.
 
Pediatric Otolaryngology The Otolaryngologist specializes,in treatment of the ear, nose and throat. (Also known as an Ear/Nose and Throat Physician or ENT). Some have sub-specialties in Head and Neck surgery.
 
Pediatric Pulmonology Specialize in conditions that affect the lungs such as asthma, bronchitis, or chronic lung disease and perform specialized tests to evaluate lung function and to diagnose breathing disorders in pediatric patients.
 
Pediatric Surgery Pediatric surgical treatment related to all systems/organs that are not included in the other surgical specialties.
 
Pediatrics The medical practice that deals with the development, care and diseases of children. Refers to specialists for additional care when appropriate.
 
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Surgery that deals with the restoration or healing of lost, injured, wounded, defective or deformed parts of the body.
 
Podiatry Responsible for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and care of the human foot.
 
Primary Care (Internal Medicine) See Internal Medicine for definition.
 
Psychiatry Emphasize emotional health by helping to correct behavioral disorders, treating depression and managing persons with major thought disorders.
 
Pulmonary Disease Specialist in conditions that affect the lungs such as asthma, bronchitis, or chronic lung disease and perform specialized tests to evaluate lung function and to diagnose breathing disorders.
 
Radiation Oncology Specialize in the medical use of different kinds of radiation in treating various types of diseases.
 
Rehabilitation Medicine Physician evaluation and treatment of, and coordination of care for, persons with musculoskeletal injuries, pain syndromes, and/or other physical or cognitive impairments or disabilities.
 
Reproductive Endocrinology Specialist in OB/GYN who is capable of managing complex problems related to reproductive endocrinology and infertility
 
Rheumatology The division of medicine that is concerned with rheumatic diseases that primarily affect the joints of the body.
 
Sleep Medicine Specialist in the definition and treatment of sleep disorders.
 
Speech-Language Pathologist Specialize in the evaluation & treatment of communication disorders & swallowing disorders.
 
Sports Medicine Specialist dealing with injuries or illnesses resulting from participation in sports and athletic activities.
 
Surgical Oncology The branch of surgery applied to oncology it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors
 
Thoracic Surgery Surgical procedures of the organs within the chest portion of the body.
 
Urogynecology Specialist in urinary incontinence and problems with urination, vaginal/pelvic organ prolapse and recurrent urinary infection for women.
 
Urologic Robotic Surgery Minimally invasive surgery in the area of the urinary tract (men or women).
 
Urology Physician for treatment of the urinary tract of men, as well as male genital tract treatment.
 
Vascular Neurology Specialty treating neurological disorders involving the central nervous system due to ischemia or hemorrhage.
 
Vascular Surgery Medical/surgical treatment of the circulatory/vascular system.
 
Weight Management Doctors of different specialties that help patients manage weight with unique disciplines depending upon their specialty.
 
Wound Care A healthcare provider who focuses on evaluating and treating non-healing wounds